Thursday, November 16, 2006




During the life time of a person, especially from the 54th Birth day onwards Kaamyartha Prayaschitha Karma seeking good health, Veda Uktha Poorna Aayu: and remedy from all sins starts. Shaanthi at 54th Birth date is called Bheema Shaanthi. At 59th birth date another Shaanthi Yagna to be conducted called Ugra Ratha Shaanthi .When a person he or she is completing his/her 60 th birth day - on that date a shaanthi Yagna to be conducted with the help of learned vedic pandits- to ward off all evils that may affect the kartha in the continuing years. As reported in the sruthies, the following dushta grahaas like Kala yavana, yamala, sudoomra etc would create APA-MRUTHYU to the person concerned, as well as affect the health of his/her parents/ spouses children etc;. soon after the completion of his first cycle of Sashti Samvatsara. ( Our Samvatsara Cycle consists 60 years starting from Prabhava, Vibhava, etc. .In the cycle of years the current year is called “VYAYA:-up to say 14th of April-2007 ) To ward off from Bhootha- Pretha – Mruthyu Bhaya and to get rid of all sins acquired till then - this Kaamyartha Sashti Abdha Poorthi karma should be performed. During this shaanthi one also seek from the God- good health and poorna Aayu: for himself as well as for his family members.

After completion of morning rituals like Sandhya Vandanam /Bath etc (purfication functions) seek permission from the learned vedic pandits, for commencements of the function. “ANUKJNA” is followed by Vigneswara Pooja., Samkalpam. In the Samkalpa one prays for Health, Wealth, Prosperity, Poorna Aayu: He also prays for protection from bad effects due to bad viewership or bad positioning of the planets and other dushta grahas as stated earlier.

During the pooja the following deities are invoked either in the kalasams/Kumbhams or in the Mandalam .1. Indra 2. Agni 3. Yama 4. Nirruthi 5. Varunan 6. Vayu 7. Soman 8. Eesanan 9. Brahamma 10. Vishnu 11. Ugra Rathaakya Rudra ( Amrutha Mruthyunjayan)

Markandeyan, Saptha Rishies, Arunthathi, Sashti Samvatsara Devathas, Saptha Chiranjeevees, Nakshatra Devathas, Dhishanaam, Vrudha Matha, Gowri, Durga, Varunan, Mangala Devatha. Navagraha devathas etc.

After giving Graha Preethi Dhaana, Vaishnava Sraadham, Poorvanga Go Dhaana, (towards cow dhaana generally a coconut- along with money equivalent to the value of a cow is given to a purohit) etc. are performed ( as per the soothra they follow and Kula Aachara/Desa Aachara) Abyuthaya Sraadham ( Nandee Sraadham) is performed thereafter invoking the departed souls- called Sathya Vasu Samjnaka and seeking their blessings in advance.

Then follows Punya Aham, Acharya Varanam, Rithvik Varanam, Kalasa Sthapanam etc. Different methods are followed in Kalasa Sthapanam/ Mandala Sthapanam.

Where 60 kalasas are used, the devathas invoked in kalasas are under:-
Amrutha Mruthuyunjaya (1) Brahmma (1) Vishnu (1) Rudra (1) Markandeyan (1) For Ashta Dik Devathas like Indra etc (8) , Navagrahas (9) Chiranjeevees (7) Ayurdevatha (1) Nakshatra Devathas ( 28) , Samvatsara Devathas (1) Saptha Rishies (1)

In some places only 33 kalasas are placed reducing multiple kalasas in the case of Nakshatra Devathas, to one.

In some other places only 12 kalasas are placed proportionately reducing the multiple kalasas to only one in each group.

After installation of Kalasas and Mandalas over Dhaanyas like, Paddy, Rice, Wheat, Masha, Black til seed etc. as ordained, purohits invoke all the devathas with vedic mantras and complete Shodasa Upachara Pooja ( 16 ways of upachara Pooja). This is followed by Veda Ghosha from the veda followed by the kartha. In the Sooktha Japa Rakshogni Mantras, Paavamana Sooktha, Varuna Sooktha, Thryambaka and Rudra Gayathri Mantras, Dik Palaka mantras, Brahma Vishnu Rudra/Durga/Sree/Bhoo/Mruthyu/Ayushya/Baagya etc. sookthams are chanted. Sri Rudram/Chamakam and Purusha Sooktham are also chanted This Japa conclude with Nakshatra Sooktham, Grutha Sooktham, Pancha Shaanthi and Ghosha Shaanthi. In some places first panchathi from each of the 44 anuvakas from the Yajur Veda Samhitha, are also chanted.

Next to completion of the japa, Homa would be performed with 108 aahuthees chanting Thrayambaka Mantras. .Samith,Ghee ( Aajyam) Havis ( in some places Til seed is also used). Homa is concluded with Swishta Krutha and Jayathi Homa.

On completion of Puna Pooja, Kalasa Jala ( water from the holy pots ) are smeared over the kartha and other people assembled there. This is followed by
AAJYA NIREESHANAM ( CHAYA DHANAM) . There after Mangala Snaana is performed on the kartha ( Dampathees). Mangala Snana performed with 11 Dravyas are as follows: 1. GOROCHANAM (to be applied in the head) 2. CURD ( to be applied in the forehead) 3.GHEE ( to applied on the eye lids) 4. BLADES OF GRASS (to be placed on the head) 5. COW’S MILK ( to be sprinkled on head) 6.FRUITS (touch the fruits with hands) 7. FLOWERS ( place in the head) 8. MIRROR ( view the mirror) 9. DEEPAM ( see the light of the deepam) 10 EARTH ( touch the earth preferably the mud from beneath the tulasi plant ) 11.GOLD ( place a coin or gold article in the head). By doing this Mangala Snaana - one is praying for 1. Poorna Aayu: 2. Good Health, Fame, Courage, Prosperity, good appearance, removal of all diseases, Strength, fulfillment of all desires, removal of ugliness, gaining of knowledge and removal of all sins., acquiring all comforts in life etc. etc. Each of the above Dravya is used praying for specific fulfillment of desires.

Soon After Mangala Snaana is over - the Rithviks assembled their do the Abhisheka with the Kalasa jala on the kartha along with chanting of mantras. This Abhisheka should be done only by elderly scholarly people and ritviks . This is followed by AARDRA VASTRA DHAANA ( the cloth used by the couple at the time of Abhisheka), cloth wrapped around Kalasas as well as the icons / Prathimas made of Gold/silver if any placed over the respective kalasas, are also should be given as dhaana to purohits.

Thereafter Dasa Dhaana ( 10 types of gifts) are given to purohits.

1, Cow Dhaana is given praying for peace/prosperity etc. Generally substituted by a Coconut and Go Moolya ( that is price of a cow- Uttaranga Go Dhaana)

2. Bhoo Dhaana : Land for cultivation or dwelling should be given.( Generally substituted by Sandal Wood piece).This Dhaana is given praying for comfortable living.

3. Seasme/Til ( black) in a copper vessel or iron vessel is given praying for removal of all sins.

4. Hiranya ( Gold) Dhaana is given again praying for removal all acquired sins.

5. Ghee in a bronze Vessel for pleasing of all devathas and praying for removal of all aarjitha papas.

6. Vastram (Veshti-Uthareeyam) – Praying for good health and prosperity.

7. Food grains ( Paddy/Rice/Wheat etc) Praying for Subhiksham in life.

8. Jaggery: To Please Goddess Lakshmi and seeking all prosperity

9. Roupyam ( Silver) To please piturs/ Maha Vishnu seeking their blessings.

10. Lavanam ( Salt) To Please Sri Rudra seeking good health.

Some people give Pancha Dhaana also ( Gift of 5 items) apart from the above. They are Deepam, A religious book, A bell, Vastram, and Udhaka Kumba
( Brass or Copper vessel with water) . These Dhaanas are made seeking the Blessings of all Devathas/ purohits etc.

Bhoori Dhakshina is given to all Scholars and other elders who have graced the occasion.Finally Phala Dhaana to be given to one and all who have come for the function. The above two Dhaanas are given seeking their good wishes.

As by customs and practices prevalent in their family Lakshmi Pooja is done to the Mangalya specially prepared for that occasion. and Mangalya Dharana would be completed on the auspicious Muhurtha. Please note that there may be exception to this in some cases or as warranted by the situation.

Function would be concluded by Maha Aashirvadams from Ritviks and elders present there. Then follows Brahmana bhojanam / Bhuktha Dakshina and Swasthi Vaachanam.

( This method is prescribed for our benefit by Rishi Sownaka)

Some people conduct Rudra Ekadasini in the previous day. Rudra Japam by 11 Rithviks 11 times as ordained would be followed by Dasamsa Rudra Homa and Vasordhara. Prokshanam of the Abisheka Jalam follows. Dasa dhaanams are given thereafter to please various Gods/Devathas/Pitrus/Ritviks etc..

In some places additionally Shad Dhaanas (six gifts) are made. They are Deepam, Jala Patram, Salagramam, Siva Lingam, Vibhoothi, Rudraksham. In Samkalpitha Dhaanam comes Phalaka (Wooden Plank-Seat) Chatra ( Umbrella) Yashti ( Walking Stick) Vyajanam ( Hand Fan) Paada Raksha ( chappal) etc.


PANCHA RATHNAMS ( FIVE KUMBA RATHNAMS to be put inside Kalasams) are Gold/Kulisam ( Vairam)/Blue Sapphire/Pushpa Raagam ( topaz) /pearl

FIVE LEAVES PUT IN THE KALASASA/KUMBAS ARE Aswatha, Oudumbara, Palasa, Mango, and Athi.

FIVE SUBSTANCES IN PANCHAGAVYA: are Cow’s urine, Cow Dung, and items from cow’s milk / curd and Ghee in the proportion 2:1:6:12:2. They should be mixed one after the other by chanting of relative mantras .

SAPTHA CHIRANJEEVEES are: Awasthama , Maha Bali, Veda Vyasa
Hanuman, Vibheeshana, Krupa Charya and Parasurama.

SAPTHA RISHEES are Athri, Brugu, Kulsa, Vasishta, Gowthama, Kasyapa, and Angirasa.

MATHRU CHATUSHTAYAM: Dhishaanam, Vrudha Mathram, Gowri and Durga.

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