Sunday, January 29, 2006


The Lord of Seven Hills: Yedukondala Swamy of Tirupathi


Venkatadri is situated around 1104 meters above Sea Level and covers an area of about 250 Sq. Km. As per Bhavishyotttara Purana the Vengatam Hill is the sporting hill of Lord Vishnu and was brought from Vaikunta to earth by Garuda. The related story goes like this. Once while Lord Vishnu was resting for a while in Vaikuntam ,Vayu, the God of Wind, wanted to have a darshan of the Lord. Sesha being the dwarapalaka had objected to the entry of Vayu into Vaikuntam. Angered by this Vayu has challenged the strength of Sesha. Intervening in the argument, the Lord has suggested a contest between the two warring kings. The serpent king Sesha has to coil around the peak of Ananda of Meru Parvatha and Vayu has to dislodge him from the peak. Accordingly after Sesha had coiled around the peak and Vayu with all his might attempted to dislodge him. When these furious winds were blowing Sesha raised one of his hoods and at that opportune moment, Vayu blew off the peak along with Sesha. Meru Parvatha the father of Ananda Sihara had requested Vayu not to harm his son. Whereupon Vayu had carefully, placed the Ananda Sikhara near the present place called Tirupathi. Thereafter the Vengadam on the earth got the name “ Seshachalam”. Sesha means Serpent, achalam means the one is not moving – hill. The seven hoods of the Serpent King is said to represent the seven hills in Tirupathi. This hill also has many other names like Srinivasa Giri, Narayana Giri, Anandadri, Srisailam, Kreedadri, Chintamani, Teerthadri, Pushkaradri, Kanakadri, Vaikuntadri, Anjanaadri, Varahagiri, etc.

Venkatadri was called Vrushachalam in Krita yugam. Anjandri in Treta Yugam (The place where-mother of Hanuman did tapas) Seshachalam in Dwapara yuga and now in the present Kali Yugam it is referred to as Venkatachalam. The Gopura of the temple is called Ananda Sikhara , the son of Meru Parvatha.

It is reported that the temple deity is Swayambu. This one is Ekamurthy Aalayam of Lord Venkateswara. The image of Lord in Standing Posture is around 10 feet tall including the Kereeta height of about 20 inches. The Lord’s image is blueish black in colour and thus this vigraham combines the Hari Hara aspect of Paranthama. He is called Divya Mangala Murthy, with Sama Dhrishti Posture. Lord has got Lockes of hair. (Jatajuta) ( matted hair).It is reported that this stone statue does not have either Sanga or Chakra as would normally find.

Lord has got Bhushana Ornaments such as Chakram / Sankam in two upper hands. In one of the lower hands sign of abhaya Hastha and in the other lower hand is pointed towards His feet. This indicates that one who surrenders at His feet would be protected. The Moola Virat Roopam of the lord has got Yagnopavitham, Kanthabharanam, Nagabharanam and Kati bandham.

Apart from the above. Lakshmi Haram containing 108 gold dollars, Makara Kanthi, Saligrama Haram mounted in gold and engraved with the Sahasranama the thousand name of the Lord Vishnu, Yellow Silk Cloth etc are also His regulars Ornaments. Kasturi Tilakam in the middle where refined camphor placed as namam, which screens his eyes. On an average 150 Kgs of Gold ornaments are used for Lord’s Alankaram.


Apart from the Moolavar there are other deities inside the temple are: 1. Utsava Srinivasa. 2. Ugra Srinivasa 3. Koluva Srinivasa 4 Bhoga Srinivasa, Navaneetha Nrithya Krishna, images of Lord Rama with his consorts, Hanuman and Lakshmana including Sugreeva and Chakrathu alwar. The temple has got an annual income over 500 crores per year and can be stated as the richest Hindu temple in the world.( as reported by TTD)

Bhoga Srinivasa deity would be put to silver cradle after daily worship. Koluva Srinivasa would preside over the daily darbar in connection with Panchanga padanam and daily accounts. Ugra Srinivasa would come out of the temple only in three days in year and that too before sunrise.

Brahma Utsavam celebrated at Tirupathi is in continuation of the Utsavam conducted by Lord Brahma Himself for Srinivasa. The Annual Brahma Utsavam would be celebrated in the month of Purattasi for 10 days in such a way that the Theertha Vari or Aaratu of the Lord on the 10th day should be on a Thiruvonam day. The Utsavams and Pooja etc are celebrated accordingly to Vaikanasa Sampradaya. The daily temple rituals starts around 3.00 a.m and would end around midnight daily.

One should first visit Tiruchanur where Lord ‘s consort Godess Padmavathi stays.After that one should worship Varahamurthy on the northern side of the Pushkarani Theertham. After visiting the main deity- Balaji one should see the Pottu i.e. where prasadams for the Lord are made. Here Lord’s foster mother “ Vakulamalikai” is worshipped. Thus this temple with origin dated back to thousands of years, is definitely a Bhoologa Vaikuntam only.

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